Manuel Mendive Hoyos

Mendive Hoyos, Manuel, was born in Havana, on December 15, 1944. He graduated from the San Alejandro Academy of Fine Arts in 1962. He also studied at the Department of Ethnology and Folklore, of the Cuban Academy of Sciences, and of Art History at the Faculty of Humanities, School of Letters, of the University of Havana.

A painter of great Cuban origin, with a strong expression of African roots, especially the Yoruba pantheon, this artist mixes various techniques, styles and colors, on varied supports and textures. Canvas, wood, animal skin and even the human body itself, serve to unleash the creativity of his extraordinary myths and pictorial narratives.

At just eleven years old, he won a prize in a children’s painting contest in Japan and has subsequently received countless awards, such as the National Drawing Salon (Havana, 1967); that of the May Hall (Paris, 1967); that of the II International Painting Festival Cagnes-sur-Mer (France, 1970); the Alejo Carpentier Medal from the Council of State of the Republic of Cuba (Havana, 1988); the National Prize for Plastic Arts (Havana, 2001), and the UNESCO Five Continents medal (2009).

About him, Rogelio Martínez Fouré expressed: “It is difficult to classify Mendive’s work within a specific school or trend. “It is not symbolist or primitive, in the European sense.” More than a painter, he is a creator, a term that allows us to encompass the painter, draftsman, sculptor, installationist, engraver, muralist, set designer, designer and performance artist that is Mendive. According to the opinion of Israel Castellanos: “Creator of a very personal universe and style, inhabited by orishas, deities fused with nature and illuminated by a lavish imagination, Mendive is a kind of representational demiurge who in a certain way has attended to the signs left for those two great milestones of so-called Afro-Cuban art: Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) and Roberto Diago (1920-1957).”

Personal Exhibitions

2005 Exhibition Feeding the Spirit, the Light, the Ancestors, Oludumare, the most beautiful, Gary Nader Gallery, Coral Gables, United States of America.

2005 “Mother Africa” Series, African Culture Day, “Casa de la Cultura de Angola” Gallery, Havana, Cuba.

2004 Exhibition of Modern Cuban Art, Athens, Greece.

2003 The Ancestors, orisha, nature and thought, Museum of the Americas, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

2003 Social, intellectual and chic, Biarritz, France.

2002 Las Aguas, everyday life and thought, National Museum of Fine Arts, Havana, Cuba.

2001 Shangó and Life, La Recova Exhibition Hall, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain.

2001 Shangó and Life, Sa Nostra Culture Center, Palma de Mallorca, Spain

2001 Capitol Cultural Center, Cáceres, Spain.

2000 Santa Bárbara-Shangó in our Lives, Güines Universal Art Gallery, Havana, Cuba.

2000 The Birds and the Fish, Latin American Gallery, Casa de las Américas, Havana, Cuba.

1999 Sculpture Exhibition, Rum Museum, Havana, Cuba.

1999 Gary Nader Gallery, Coral Gables, Florida, United States of America.

1998 Villa de Chanteclerç, Fort-de-France, Martinique.

1998 Andy Jllich Gallery, Switzerland.

1997 Joan Guaita Art Gallery, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

1997 El Mundo del Arte Gallery, Paris, France.

1997 Museum of Colonial Art, Havana, Cuba.

1996 Museum of Modern Art of Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.

1996 National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica.

1996 Arte Actual Gallery, Santiago de Chile, Chile. 1995 La Acacia Gallery, Havana, Cuba.

1995 Fernando Quintana Gallery, Bogotá, Colombia.

1994 El Mundo del Arte Gallery, Paris, France.

1993 Expositum Gallery, Mexico City, D.F, Mexico.

1992 El Mundo del Arte Gallery, Paris, France.

1991 XXI International Biennial of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

1990 Civic Gallery, Cavour Square, Padua, Italy.

1989 Nesle Gallery, Paris, France.

1989 SEIBU Group, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan.

1988 The October Gallery, London, Great Britain.

1988 Budapest Ethnographic Museum, Hungary.

1988 XLIII Venice Biennale, Italy.

1987 For the Seeing Eye, National Museum of Fine Arts, Havana, Cuba.

1987 Museum of Contemporary Art, Panama City, Panama.

1986 Conversing with the Fish, Latin American Cultural Space Gallery, Paris, France.

1984 Plaza Vieja Gallery, Cuban Fund of Cultural Assets, Havana, Cuba.

1982 ORTH Gallery, Nuremberg, Federal Republic of Germany.

1982 Iwalewa House, University of Bayreuth, Germany.

1982 Mpapa Gallery, Lusaka, Zambia.

1982 Traveling exhibition through Zambia, Nigeria, Angola and Mozambique.

1981 Art Gallery, Moscow, USSR.

1980 Mendive: A Painter of the Wonderful Real, Gallery L, Havana, Cuba.

1975 National Museum of Tanzania, Tanzania.

1964 Art Center, Cathedral Plaza, Havana, Cuba.

Performances (Selection)

2004 Nature and the Body, Art Center, Romerías de Mayo, Holguín, Cuba.

2003 International Sexology Event, National Theater of Cuba, Havana, Cuba.

2003 Eighth Havana Biennial, La California Project, Havana, Cuba.

2002 Performance for the exhibition Las Aguas, everyday life and thought, National Museum of Fine Arts, Havana, Cuba.

2001 Performance for the exhibition Shangó y la Vida, filmed in Manto Blanco, Lomas de la Peregrina, Tapaste, Havana.

2001 Performance for the exhibition Santa Bárbara-Shangó in our Lives, Universal Art Gallery, Güines, Havana.

2001 Body Painting exhibition Shangó and Life, Culture Center, Sa Nostra, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

2000 Inauguration of the Social, intellectual and chic exhibition, Rum Museum, Havana, Cuba.

2000 The Birds and the Fish, Latin American Gallery, Casa de las Américas, Havana, Cuba.

1999 African Odyssey Event, John F. Kennedy Center, Washington D.C., United States of America.

1999 International Contemporary Art Fair, FIAC’99, Paris, France.

1998 Water, light, shadow, Villa Chanteclerç, Fort-de-France, Martinique.

1997 ARCO’97 International Art Fair, Joan Guaita Art Gallery, Madrid, Spain.

1997 It looks like Happiness, VI Havana Biennial, Wifredo Lam Center, Museum of Colonial Art, Havana, Cuba.

1997 Museum of Modern Art of Cartagena de Indias, Plaza San Pedro Claver, Colombia.

1996 Deep Waters, Arte Actual Gallery, Santiago de Chile, Chile.

1996 Heads and Hearts, Performance and Multimedia, La Acacia Gallery, Havana, Cuba. 1995 Caribbean Festival 2000, Champeret Space, Paris, France.

1994 Deep Waters, Cenvantino International Festival, Alhándiga Museum, Guanajuato, Mexico.

1994 V Havana Biennial, Wifredo Lam Center, Havana, Cuba.

1993 First Ouidah’93 Vodum Arts and Culture Festival, Benin.

1992 El Mundo del Arte Gallery, Paris, France.

1992 Bringing Out the Bad, Neslé Theater, Paris, France.

1991 Shangó, inauguration of the Latin American Memorial, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

1990

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